Android Fragments

Android Fragment is the part of activity, it is also known as sub-activity. There can be more than one fragment in an activity. Fragments represent multiple screen inside one activity.

Android fragment lifecycle is affected by activity lifecycle because fragments are included in activity.

Each fragment has its own life cycle methods that is affected by activity life cycle because fragments are embedded in activity.

The FragmentManager class is responsible to make interaction between fragment objects.

Android Fragment Lifecycle

The lifecycle of an android fragment is like the activity lifecycle. There are 12 lifecycle methods for the fragment.

Fragment Life Cycle

Android Fragment Lifecycle Methods

No.MethodDescription
1)onAttach(Activity)it is called only once when it is attached with activity.
2)onCreate(Bundle)It is used to initialize the fragment.
3)onCreateView(LayoutInflater, ViewGroup, Bundle)creates and returns view hierarchy.
4)onActivityCreated(Bundle)It is invoked after the completion of onCreate() method.
5)onViewStateRestored(Bundle)It provides information to the fragment that all the saved state of fragment view hierarchy has been restored.
6)onStart()makes the fragment visible.
7)onResume()makes the fragment interactive.
8)onPause()is called when fragment is no longer interactive.
9)onStop()is called when fragment is no longer visible.
10)onDestroyView()allows the fragment to clean up resources.
11)onDestroy()allows the fragment to do final clean up of fragment state.
12)onDetach()It is called immediately prior to the fragment no longer being associated with its activity.

Android Fragment Example

Let’s have a look at the simple example of android fragment.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"  
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"  
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"  
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"  
    tools:context="example.ilovedeshi.com.fragmentexample.MainActivity">  
  
    <fragment  
        android:id="@+id/fragment1"  
        android:name="example.javatpoint.com.fragmentexample.Fragment1"  
        android:layout_width="0px"  
        android:layout_height="match_parent"  
        android:layout_weight="1"  
        />  
  
    <fragment  
        android:id="@+id/fragment2"  
        android:name="example.javatpoint.com.fragmentexample.Fragment2"  
        android:layout_width="0px"  
        android:layout_height="match_parent"  
        android:layout_weight="1"  
        />  
  
</LinearLayout>
<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"  
    android:layout_width="match_parent"  
    android:layout_height="match_parent"  
    android:background="#F5F5DC"  
    tools:context="example.ilovedeshi.com.fragmentexample.Fragment1">  
  
    <!-- TODO: Update blank fragment layout -->  
    <TextView  
        android:layout_width="match_parent"  
        android:layout_height="match_parent"  
        android:text="@string/hello_blank_fragment" />  
  
</FrameLayout> 
<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"  
    android:layout_width="match_parent"  
    android:layout_height="match_parent"  
    android:background="#F0FFFF"  
    tools:context="example.ilovedeshi.com.fragmentexample.Fragment2">  
  
    <!-- TODO: Update blank fragment layout -->  
    <TextView  
        android:layout_width="match_parent"  
        android:layout_height="match_parent"  
        android:text="@string/hello_blank_fragment" />  
  
</FrameLayout> 
package example.ilovedeshi.com.fragmentexample;  
  
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;  
import android.os.Bundle;  
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {  
  
    @Override  
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);  
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);  
    }  
}  
package example.ilovedeshi.com.fragmentexample;  
import android.os.Bundle;  
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;  
import android.view.LayoutInflater;  
import android.view.View;  
import android.view.ViewGroup;  
  
public class Fragment1 extends Fragment {  
  
    @Override  
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);  
    }  
  
    @Override  
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,  
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
        // Inflate the layout for this fragment  
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_fragment1, container, false);  
    }  
 }
package example.ilovedeshi.com.fragmentexample;  
  
import android.os.Bundle;  
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;  
import android.view.LayoutInflater;  
import android.view.View;  
import android.view.ViewGroup;  
  
public class Fragment2 extends Fragment {  
  
    @Override  
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);  
    }  
  
    @Override  
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,  
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {  
        // Inflate the layout for this fragment  
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_fragment2, container, false);  
    }  
      
}
android fragment

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